OREGON DISTRICT ATTORNEYS
BEYOND A REASONABLE DOUBT
The standard in a criminal case requiring that the jury be satisfied to a moral certainty that every element of a crime has been proven by the prosecution. This standard of proof does not require that the state establish absolute certainty by eliminating all doubt, but it does require that the evidence be so conclusive that all reasonable doubts are removed from the mind of the ordinary person.
Something you do, or don’t do, that breaks a law that says you can’t do it or must do it. If you are found guilty, you can be punished by one or more of the following:
(2) jail or prison;
(4) being removed from office;
(5) being unable to hold any office of honor, trust, or profit.
ELEMENTS OF A CRIME
Specific factors that define a crime that the prosecution must prove beyond a reasonable doubt to obtain a conviction: (1) that a crime has actually occurred, (2) that the accused intended the crime to happen, and (3) a timely relationship between the first two factors.
A body of seven citizens who listen to evidence of criminal allegations, presented by a district attorney or deputy district attorney, and determine whether there is adequate evidence to warrant a conviction by a jury or a judge.
NOT GUILTY VERDICT
In our legal system, a defendant is presumed innocent during criminal proceedings. A not guilty verdict refers to a jury’s or judge’s finding that the prosecution has not proved the defendant guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. It does not mean that a defendant is innocent.
The first pleading by a criminal defendant, the defendant's declaration in open court that he or she is guilty or not guilty. The defendant's answer to the charges made in the indictment or information.
A hearing before a judge to determine if a person charged with a felony should be tried for the crime charged, based on whether there is probable cause to believe that a crime has been committed and that the defendant committed it.
Under Oregon law, a jury must return a verdict of not guilty if, after careful and impartial consideration of all the evidence in the case, they are not convinced beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty. Reasonable doubt means an honest uncertainty as to the guilt of the defendant.